Automation is the creation of technology and its application in order to control and monitor the production and delivery of various goods and services. It performs tasks that were previously performed by humansThe percentage of total work to be done determines the level of automation. At this point, the concept of automation can be divided into varieties. For example, automation systems where manpower is concentrated are called semi-automation, and systems with heavy machine power are called full automation.
With the industrial revolution, the increase in production has changed the market conditions. However, it has become clear that over the past years, the world has become a big market and needs faster production and more flexible systems. In this process, companies wanted to control their production and make them faster and more reliable.The factories are eager to control all the processes that takes place from their computer screens, to make the necessary interventions instantly. Thanks to the advancing technology and information flow, the computerized structures in the production facilities are increased and both production processes and management methods are evaluated at the intensive use of technology.
The concept of automation symbolizes a general situation used in all of these systems. All companies involved in the mechanization process are trying to survive in the competition race with both semi-automation and full automation systems.
Although the initial installation costs of automation systems seem to be a disadvantage, considering the benefit in the medium and long term, this amount is not a problem.
Automation systems, as today, will mark the production of the future and the competitive market. In terms of cost, automation systems that pay for themselves in the long term also have some other benefits. The speed factor, which is one of the benefits of the system, is a very important element for leaving behind rival companies. Companies that produce faster with automation are one step ahead of their competitors in the market. In addition to the benefits provided by the relationship between speed and time concepts, it should be kept in mind that a good automation system creates an environment for quality products. The increase in the quality of the production site and the final products is another benefit of the automation system. At this point, the quality element represents a very crucial point.
Another important aspect is that the automation systems’ productivity works almost perfectly. Thus, there are production facilities in which there are no human problems and there are machines operating continuously.
The flexibility is another benefit of the automation system. The systems, which are of great importance in terms of flexibility, can easily adapt to interventions and changes.
Controllability is one of the most important aspects of the automation system. Technological systems, which can be easily controlled from computer screens, provide a great convenience to the managers.